Xoloitzcuintle or the Mexican Hairless Dog is one of the most mysterious species on earth. They survived in its original form after the Millennium. Xolo is now recognized as a national breed of Mexico. It’s known for its healing properties since antiquity. The breed has always been considered a guide and a defender, protecting the house from evil spirits and intruders.

 Xoloitzcuintle or the Mexican Hairless Dog is one of the most mysterious species on earth. They survived in its original form after the Millennium. Xolo is now recognized as a national breed of Mexico. It’s known for its healing properties since antiquity. The breed has always been considered a guide and a defender, protecting the house from evil spirits and intruders.

History of Xoloitzcuintle


     Mexican Hairless dog is one of the oldest breeds of dogs that exist today in their original form. The origins of the first Xolo went far before our era in the times of Antiquity. The skulls of these dogs found in Mexico are more than 3,300 years. Quite rightly Xoloitzcuintle can be called the first dog of America.

     The word "Xoloitzcuintle" has many possible translations: "God," "slave", "conductor to the afterlife". Another name for the breed is a complex word in the language of ancient Aztec Nahuatl, which consists of two parts "Xolo" and "itzkuintli." "Xolo" comes from the Aztec god Xolotl. On ancient paintings the god Xolotl depicted as ugly dog with his hands and feet. The word "itzkuintli" on Nahuatl (the Aztec language) is translated as "dog." Consequently, "Xoloitzcuintle" means "dog of the god Xolotl."

     It was believed that the Xolo is a conductor of souls to the Land of Spirits.

     There was the custom at the funeral to kill one of these dogs with an arrow in her mouth and bury the remains, together with the remains of a man. The Indians believed that after death only due to the dog soul of the deceased will be able to cross the river, which is an obstacle on the way to paradise.

     In the Mexican state of Colima graves were found with the figurines of dogs are made of red clay, together with clay objects (dishes, etc..). These findings are dated period of 200 - 900 years BC, is a caricature of short and fat dogs, which "dogs of Colima" is now called. Collection of these figurines is in the National Museum of Anthropology in Mexico City.

     Xolos were also used as a food source in Central America. The Indians believed that eating meat Mexican naked, they get some kind of spiritual protection. Dogs were considered a great delicacy and eaten at the sacrificial rites, marriage ceremonies and funerals. Particular importance was attached to different colors Xolo, and therefore in accordance with a ritual or ceremony were selected certain dogs.  

 

General characteristics

     Do you want to get a home deity in the guise of a dog?

     It's a miracle with smart almond eyes, a warm soft skin, harmoniously folded elegant muscular body. Xolo has a amazing sensitivity to the human mood, ability to heal pain and illnesses and rare talent to make people happy.
     You live in a small apartment? Choose a miniature or medium Xolo. You are looking for a guard? The standard size of the dog is  for you. Are not accustomed to dogs without hair?Look to the Xolo in the wool, it looks like more usual, while retaining all the inherent qualities the breed.

     Exotic appearance lively temperament, advanced intelligence, a variety of types of dogs among the breed, the ability to be a companion and a guard, good health - only a part of the positive qualities of the Xolo.
     Dogs are hardy, and will gladly accompany you on long walks, you do not deliver a hassle when you will go to visit and travel by any means of transport.

     Appearance

     There are three breed sizes: miniature, mediate and standard. They all come in two varieties: hairless and coated.

       Dimensions (height and weight):

       • small: 25-35 cm at the withers, 2-5,5 kg;
       • average: 35-45 cm at the withers, 6-15 kg;
       • standard: 45-60 cm at the withers, 16-34 kg.

      Character

     Xolo is very clever sensitive breed. They are easily trained, so the win in a wide variety of canine activities, including obedience and agility. Temperament of Mexican naked dog can be attributed to the typical working breed: reserved, self-respecting and cautious with strangers, but at the same time passionately devoted to their owners. By nature, large Xolo are owners to anything that they consider their own, be it food, toys, bed or their owners.

     They are known for their exceptional guard dog capacity. When this ability is called into action, Xolo show fearless decisiveness, defending their territory. Adult specimens can sometimes be aggressive towards other dogs and usually do not back down.  

Features of breed

     Having experienced the 3000-year-old breeding selection, Mexican Hairless Dog was formed as a separate breed, which kept its original natural appearance.
     Xolos are highly resistant to the usual canine diseases and genetic defects. Average duration of a naked dog's life is 12-15 years.

       You can stand out from the breed characteristics are as follows:

       • Dog adapted for home (not the street) content.
       Do not express aggression toward family members.
       Xolo requires tactile contact with the owner.
       It is very distrustful of strangers and dogs.
       Skin Mexican Hairless Dog, being under the sun tans.
       The dog is healing.
       Xolo is resistant to infectious diseases.
       Mexican Hairless Dog have no teeth, which are in other breeds.
       The body length Xolo is slightly larger than the dog's height at the withers.
       • At the age of puppy dogs are very different from the adults in appearance.

Benefit

         Since ancient times hairless dogs are valued as healers of many ailments. Xolos have very strong bioenergy and treat many diseases such as bronchial asthma, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, nervous disorders, stress and insomnia. Mexican dogs contribute to the normalization of heart rate and blood pressure, helps with skin diseases, relieve the pain of ulcers, slow down the cancer process, the growth of tumors (myoma, fibroma, cyst, etc.).

Given off the skin at a temperature 39 C heat is used as an anesthetic, soothing headaches and toothache, rheumatism, inflammation. Xolo removes negative energy from all members of the family, where it lives, and in the room where it was.

     Training of Mexican Hairless Dog

     Obligatory attribute of life Xoloitzcuintle is its training. There isnot required to undergo performance testing  from breed . Xolos are enough smart, clever, lively and energetic. So it is very easy to learn for them

     Medium and miniature species of breed most often the companions, they need only knowledge of the rules of behavior in society. Standard species of breed can be an excellent a guard, having passed the relevant course of training.

     Also, the Mexican hairless successful in agility, frisbee and other dog sports.

Living Conditions

     Feeding

     Nutrition Xolo should be organized in accordance with the general rules of feeding dogs. They must complete and balanced meals with plenty of protein.

     Xolo is considered to be a vegetarian - with pleasure eat vegetables (cabbage, carrots, pumpkins), fruits (hurma, apples, bananas), berries (blueberries, strawberries, raspberries). But they do not refuse to eat meat as well. Also in the diet should be dairy products (cheese, sour cream, yogurt, milk).

If you choose to feed your dog dry food, it is advisable to soak it in some water at room temperature. Usually Xolo have got little teeth, it can be difficult to absorb the large pieces of food. Then it is necessary to grind the food or feed your dog canned food. Make sure that the food contains enough calcium to strengthen the dog's teeth and bones.

       Mexican Hairless Dog is well adaptable breed. Xoloitzcuintle feel great in our cold winters, running over the snow without clothes in freezing temperatures, and in the hot summer days. However, in winter at t-25C ~ t-15C walking outdoors without clothes should not exceed 10-15 minutes. Well, if you are in a warm suit, then walk adjust yourself for pet activity. In the hot sun, when other dogs are looking for a cool place, they take a sunbath. Xolo survived millennia often under adverse, hostile conditions, and it proves once again their great endurance.

       One of the most charming aspects of life with Mexican Hairless Dog is the fact that the skin of a dog is constantly changing color. In winter, even heavily pigmented dogs completely fade away, with the advent of the sun with their pale color darkens. The spotted species appears curlicue. Quite a few hours of sunshine, the color continue to change over the following days. However, a particularly bright Xolo is undesirable to be on the sun a lot of time (may be due to burning).
       Dog skin requires special care. The best preventive maintenance of colds for Xolo become tempering and physical activity.